Loneliness and Depression among Older People Living in a Community of Nepal
Background: Loneliness and depression are the noteworthy mental health issues which are prevalent among older people but only a few studies have addressed this aspect especially in developing countries. So, this study is an attempt to shed light to this aspect of older adult’s life, in order to assess the level of loneliness and depression, to identify associated factors,and to find out the correlation between loneliness and depression.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design was used to collect data from 124 older peopleof age ?60 years living in a community using purposive sampling technique. A structured questionnaire, University of California, Los Angeles scale version 3 loneliness scale, and geriatric depression scale short form (GDS-15) were used to collect data. Mean, Standard deviation, frequency, percentage, chi-square test, and Spearman rank correlation was used to analyze data.
Results: Older people felt loneliness either at a moderate level (38.7%) or at a severe level (16.9%). While people with (49.2%) and without depression (50.80%) were in nearly equal proportion. Age,education level, marital status,living arrangement, childlessness, perceived health status, sleep quality, and sleeping hour, and perceived economic satisfaction showed statistically significant association with both dependent variables.While the presence of disease condition was associated with the level of loneliness, the level of depression showed significant statistical association with perceived stress. Further, loneliness and depression seemed to be positively correlated.Conclusions: Older peopleexperiencing loneliness and depression is quite noteworthyand emphasis should be given towards implementation of research approaches to unleash this aspect of older people.
Keywords: Community; depression; loneliness; Nepal; older people.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Journal of Nepal Health Research Council JNHRC allows to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and allow readers to use them for any other lawful purpose. The author(s) are allowed to retain publishing rights without restrictions. The JNHRC work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0).