Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Pharmacovigilance and Consumer Pharmacovigilance among Consumers at Lalitpur District, Nepal

  • Nisha Jha Department of Clinical Pharmacology, KIST Medical College, Lalitpur, Nepal.
  • Devendra Singh Rathore Department of Pharmacy, NIMS University, Rajasthan, India.
  • Pathiyil Ravi Shankar Department of Pharmacology, American International Medical University, St. Lucia, caribbean.
  • Shital Bhandary Department of Community Medicine, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal.
  • Mohammed Alshakka Department of Pharmaceutics and Clinical Pharmacy, Aden University, Yemen.
  • Sudesh Gyawali Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Kaski, Nepal.

Abstract

Background: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) can be a big threat to the health of people in Nepal as a variety of medicines are consumed in the country. Involving consumers in pharmacovigilance can strengthen ADR reporting. The study aims to find out knowledge, attitude and practice regarding pharmacovigilance and consumer pharmacovigilance among consumers at Lalitpur district, Nepal
Methods: It was carried out in outpatients visiting in KIST Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Lalitpur, Nepal. Participant’s knowledge, attitude and practice were measured by noting their agreement with a set of 21 statements along with multiple choice and open ended questions.
Results: A total of 157 outpatients were surveyed. The knowledge scores for males (12) was better compared to the females (11), but the scores for attitude and practice were same for both groups. The maximum score for knowledge was 29, attitude was 6 and practice was 10. The overall KAP scores was 45. The total scores for knowledge, attitude and practice for males (24) were better compared to female (22) respondents. Seventy-one patients (68%) who participated in this study favoured establishing a consumer centre for obtaining information about ADRs.
Conclusions: Knowledge scores among consumers regarding pharmacovigilance is low and require advocacy and improvement.
Keywords: Adverse drug reaction; consumers; reporting systems.

Published
2017-06-08
How to Cite
JHA, Nisha et al. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Pharmacovigilance and Consumer Pharmacovigilance among Consumers at Lalitpur District, Nepal. Journal of Nepal Health Research Council, [S.l.], june 2017. ISSN 1999-6217. Available at: <http://jnhrc.com.np/index.php/jnhrc/article/view/968>. Date accessed: 25 nov. 2017.
Section
Original Article