Can a Leaflet with Brief Verbal Instruction Teach Nepali Women How to Correctly Contract Their Pelvic Floor Muscles?

  • Delena-Mae Caagbay The University of Sydney
  • Kirsten Black The University of Sydney
  • Ganesh Dangal Kathmandu Model Hospital
  • Camille Raynes-Greenow The University of Sydney

Abstract

Background: Pelvic organ prolapse is a common disorder for women in Nepal causing symptoms and reduced quality of life. Pelvic floor muscle exercise is a conservative treatment option for pelvic organ prolapse but the effective way to teach women in Nepal is not known. The objective of this pilot study was to determine if an illustrative leaflet with brief verbal instruction could teach Nepali women to correctly contract their pelvic floor muscles.
Methods: Fifteen parous women attending two outpatient gynecology clinics in Kathmandu Valley were interviewed to assess their knowledge of pelvic organ prolapse and pelvic floor muscles exercise. Following verbal instruction and an illustrative leaflet on how to contract their pelvic floor muscles, the transabdominal real time ultrasound was applied to assess the muscle contraction.
Results: The median age of 15 participants was 45 years (range 18-75 years) and 10 women had pelvic organ prolapse. Some of the participants (9/15) knew about pelvic organ prolapse but none were aware of the pelvic floor muscles. After being taught how to contract their pelvic floor muscle, only 4 of 14 correctly contracted the pelvic floor muscle.
Conclusions: This study highlighted the low knowledge of the pelvic floor muscle, and brief verbal instruction with an illustrative leaflet is also not sufficient in teaching Nepali women how to correctly contract their pelvic floor muscle. Further research is needed to determine how to teach a correct pelvic floor muscle contraction for women with low literacy in resource poor settings.
Keywords: Exercise; knowledge; Nepal; pelvic floor; pelvic organ prolapse.

Author Biographies

Delena-Mae Caagbay, The University of Sydney

PhD Candidate

Discipline of Obstetrics Gynaecology and Neonatology

Kirsten Black, The University of Sydney

Associate Professor

Discipline of Obstetrics Gynaecology and Neonatology

Ganesh Dangal, Kathmandu Model Hospital
Professor Kathmandu Model Hospital, Nepal
Camille Raynes-Greenow, The University of Sydney

Associate Professor

Sydney School of Public Health

Published
2017-09-08
How to Cite
CAAGBAY, Delena-Mae et al. Can a Leaflet with Brief Verbal Instruction Teach Nepali Women How to Correctly Contract Their Pelvic Floor Muscles?. Journal of Nepal Health Research Council, [S.l.], v. 15, n. 2, p. 105-109, sep. 2017. ISSN 1999-6217. Available at: <http://jnhrc.com.np/index.php/jnhrc/article/view/932>. Date accessed: 21 oct. 2017.