Competency Based Post Graduate Residency Program at Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Nepal
Competency-based medical education has evolved as an alternative approach in the residency training program. It shows potential to align educational programs with health system priorities through defining the competencies of graduating doctors. Designing and implementing Competency Based Post Graduate (CBPG) training in a resource-limited setting, where most of the trainings are still run in a conventional approach, is a big challenge.
Patan Academy of Health Sciences, School of Medicine has taken the competency-based approach in the postgraduate residency training. Defining core competencies and connecting those to teaching methodology and assessment system are important initial steps in implementing the competency-based approach. The institution has implemented Entrustable Professional Activity (EPA), which is a unit of professional practice and helps to measure the trainees’ achievements in the form of milestones. This paper describes the process of piloting and implementing the CBPG program at this school.
The school launched the CBPG training in 2018 and so far, three batches of residents have been enrolled in nine different subjects/disciplines. The first batch of trainee, having the PAHS Core competencies and the pre-defined discipline-specific EPAs certified, will be completing their training soon. The program is time and resource consuming. Continuous faculty development, commitment, supportive leadership and faculty readiness to adapt to newer approaches are the key to the program’s successful implementation.
Keywords: Competency based medical education; Nepal; patan academy of health sciences; post graduate training; residency program
Copyright (c) 2021 Shrijana Shrestha , Ashis Shrestha, Jay Narayan Shah, Rajesh Nath Gongal
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