Level of Exercise Participation in Individuals with Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury During Inpatient Rehabilitation: A Cross-sectional Study
Background: The outcome of exercises depends on participants’ level of exercise participation. We aimed to investigate the level of exercise participation in individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury during inpatient rehabilitation.
Methods: All participants with traumatic spinal cord injury undergoing inpatient physiotherapy at a rehabilitation center were recruited. Participants with hearing/visual problems were excluded. Hopkins Rehabilitation Engagement Rating Scale and Pittsburgh Rehabilitation Participation Scale were used to evaluate exercise participation levels. One-way ANOVA and unpaired t-test were used to compare level of participation between groups. Pearson’s correlation and Chi-square tests were used to evaluate correlation and association.
Results: Thirty-five participants with mean age 37.1 ± 11.7 years completed the study. Hopkins Rehabilitation Engagement Rating Scale and Pittsburgh Rehabilitation Participation Scale demonstrated a low level of exercise participation in 31.4 % and 42.9 % participants respectively. Participants with an incomplete injury had high exercise participation levels compared to complete injuries. There were significant group differences (p < 0.001, effect size = 0.8) between complete and incomplete injuries and among various levels of injuries. The level of exercise participation was significantly associated with injury levels and type (p < 0.001, Phi = 0.7 to 0.9).
Conclusions: The exercise participation level was high for incomplete compared to complete injuries in Nepalese individuals with traumatic spinal cord injury. The demographic and socio-economical factors were not associated with level of exercise participation.
Keywords: Exercise participation; rehabilitation; spinal cord injury
Copyright (c) 2021 Shambhu Prasad Adhikari, Shraddha Adhikari, Chanda Rana, Rubee Dev
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