Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Eye Health and Eye Health Services in Nepal

  • Sailesh Kumar Mishra Department of Management, NIIMS University, India
  • Sudhinder Singh Chowhan Department of Management, NIIMS University, India
  • Ranjan Shah Nepal Netra Jyoti Sangh, Tripureshwor, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Nisha Jha Department of Clinical Pharmacology, KIST Medical College, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Pathiyil Ravi Shankar Department of Pharmacology, Washington Medical Science Institute, Saint Lucia, Caribbean
  • Shital Bhandary chool of Public Health, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Anil Prasad Gorkhaly Eyecare Foundation Nepal


Background: This study was conducted to identify knowledge, attitude and practice of the public in relation to eye health and to assess their knowledge of eye health seeking behaviour.
Methods: A three-stage cluster survey was conducted in 15 selected districts of the five development regions of Nepal from May to December 2017.One hundred clusters and fifty households from each cluster were randomly selected. A semi-structured questionnaire was developed in English and translated into Nepali and back translated by experts. Data were entered in CSPro 5.0.3 software and imported to R 3.4.1 software for analysis.
Results: Three fourth of respondents were between the age of 20-59 years (84 %) and one third were female (37.4%). 78% of respondents had basic knowledge about ocular diseases (ranging from 68 to 95%). No single method was found to be more appropriate than the other to provide eye health education to the people living in different geographical locations. Radio was more appropriate to provide health education in Doti and television in Saptari district. Around 2% of the people still depended on drug retailers, 0.6% on self-medication and 0.1% on traditional healers for treatment.
Conclusions: The knowledge, attitude and practice of the respondents varied between various districts and with different demographic characteristics. The overall knowledge, attitude and practice score and respondent’s knowledge about common eye diseases requires improvement. Different methods can be used to educate public about eye health and common eye diseases.
Keywords: Attitude; eye care; knowledge; Nepal; practice; services.

How to Cite
MISHRA, Sailesh Kumar et al. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Eye Health and Eye Health Services in Nepal. Journal of Nepal Health Research Council, [S.l.], v. 17, n. 2, p. 209-214, aug. 2019. ISSN 1999-6217. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 08 dec. 2019. doi: