Evaluation of Abnormal Cervix with Visual Inspection under Acetic Acid and Colposcopy

  • Kabin Bhattachan Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Ganesh Dangal Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Aruna Karki Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Hema Kumari Pradhan Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Ranjana Shrestha Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Sharmila Parajuli Department of Pathology, Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Rekah Poudel Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Nishma Bajracharya Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Kenusha Tiwari Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Abstract

Background: Cervical cancer is a major public health problem especially in developing countries. It can be prevented through implementation of routine screening program. There are different screening methods but their efficacy are still questionable. So the purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of visual inspection of cervix with acetic acid and colposcopy to detect precancerous lesion in women with clinically unhealthy or abnormal cervix.
Methods: Forty patients with abnormal cervix (35) and abnormal pap smear results (5) were enrolled for the study in outpatient department of Kathmandu Model Hospital. Patients were evaluated with visual inspection of cervix with acetic acid and colposcopy in the same sitting. Cervical punch biopsy were taken from suspected lesion or from four quadrant if colposcopy findings were normal and sent for histopathological examination. The finding of visual inspection of cervix with acetic acid and colposcopy were correlated with histopathological finding and compared with each other.
Results: The age of participants ranged from 24 to 68 years with mean age of 38.17 years and mean parity of 2.25. visual inspection of cervix with acetic acid and colposcopy were positive in eight (20%) and ten (25%) respectively. There were five (12.5%) cases of histopathologically proven lesion. The sensitivity of visual inspection of cervix with acetic acid and colposcopy were 80% and 100 % respectively and that of specificity were 88.5% and 85.5%.
Conclusions: visual inspection of cervix with acetic acid is an effective screening tool with comparable sensitivity and specificity. It can be used as alternative screening methods especially in low income resource countries where the burden of disease is high.
Keywords: Cervical cancer; Colposcopy; screening; VIA.

Published
2019-04-28
How to Cite
BHATTACHAN, Kabin et al. Evaluation of Abnormal Cervix with Visual Inspection under Acetic Acid and Colposcopy. Journal of Nepal Health Research Council, [S.l.], v. 17, n. 01, p. 76-79, apr. 2019. ISSN 1999-6217. Available at: <http://jnhrc.com.np/index.php/jnhrc/article/view/1809>. Date accessed: 08 dec. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.33314/jnhrc.v17i01.1809.