Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of Gram-negative Isolates of Lower Respiratory Tract Infection

  • Rakshya Nepal Central Department of Microbiology, Tribhuvan University, Kritipur, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Basudha Shrestha Department of Microbiology, phect-NEPAL/ Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Deepak Man Joshi Department of Medicine, phect-NEPAL/ Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Rajesh Dhoj Joshi Department of Medicine, phect-NEPAL/ Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Sanjit Shrestha Department of Microbiology, phect-NEPAL/ Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Anjana Singh Central Department of Microbiology, Tribhuvan University, Kritipur, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Abstract

Background: Lower respiratory tract infection is a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. A cross-sectional study was carried out with an objective to study the antibiogram of Gram-negative isolates of patients with lower respiratory tract infection visiting Kathmandu Model Hospital.
Methods: A total of 274 specimens including sputum, endotracheal aspirates, suction tips were cultured as per standard microbiological technique. Antibiotic susceptibility and detection of Extended-spectrum beta- lactamases (ESBLs) were performed following Clinical Laboratory Standard Institute (CLSI 2014) guidelines.
Results: Respiratory pathogens were recovered from 24.6% (n=65) cases. Klebsiella pneumoniae (40%) was the commonest isolates. The highest prevalence of multidrug-resistance (69.23%) was observed in Acinetobacter calcoaceticus baumannii complex. Extended-spectrum beta- lactamases were detected in Escherichia coli (n=4), Klebsiella pneumoniae (n=4) and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus baumannii complex (n=1).
Conclusions: High prevalence of multidrug-resistance and extended- spectrum beta- lactamase producers were observed in respiratory isolates. For effective management of lower respiratory tract infections, an ultimate and detailed microbiological diagnosis and susceptibility testing is required.

Published
2018-03-13
How to Cite
NEPAL, Rakshya et al. Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of Gram-negative Isolates of Lower Respiratory Tract Infection. Journal of Nepal Health Research Council, [S.l.], v. 16, n. 1, p. 22-26, mar. 2018. ISSN 1999-6217. Available at: <http://jnhrc.com.np/index.php/jnhrc/article/view/1117>. Date accessed: 22 may 2018.