Availability of Life Support Equipment and its Utilization by Ambulance Drivers

  • Rija Acharya Department of Nursing, Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu.
  • Angur Badhu Department of Community Health Nursing, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Science, Dharan, Nepal.
  • Tara Shah Department of Community Health Nursing, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Science, Dharan, Nepal.
  • Sharmila Shrestha Department of Community Health Nursing, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Science, Dharan, Nepal.

Abstract

Background: An effective ambulance is a vital requirement for providing an emergency medical service. Well-equipped ambulances with trained paramedics can save many lives during the golden hours of trauma care. The objective was to document the availability and utilization of basic life support equipment in the ambulances and to assess knowledge on first aid among the drivers.
Methods: Descriptive design was used. Total of 109 ambulances linked to B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences were enrolled using purposive sampling method. Self- constructed observation checklist and semi structured interview schedule was used for data collection.
Results: More than half of the respondents had less than five years of experience and were not trained in first aid. About two-third of the respondents had adequate knowledge on first aid. About 90% of the ambulance had oxygen cylinder and adult oxygen mask which was ‘usually’ used equipment. More than half of ambulance had equipment less than 23% as compared to that of national guidelines. There was significant association of knowledge with the experience (p = 0.004) and training (p = 0.001). Availability of equipment was associated with training received (p = 0.007),organization (p= 0.032)and district (p = 0.023) in which the ambulance is registered.
Conclusions: The study concludes that maximum ambulance linked to BPKIHS, Nepal did not have even one fourth of the equipment for basic life support. Equipment usually used was oxygen cylinder and oxygen mask. Majority of driver had adequate knowledge on first aid and it was associated with training and experience.
Keywords: Availability; knowledge; utilization.

Published
2017-09-08
How to Cite
ACHARYA, Rija et al. Availability of Life Support Equipment and its Utilization by Ambulance Drivers. Journal of Nepal Health Research Council, [S.l.], v. 15, n. 2, p. 182-186, sep. 2017. ISSN 1999-6217. Available at: <http://jnhrc.com.np/index.php/jnhrc/article/view/1056>. Date accessed: 21 oct. 2017.